Los Angeles Times Calendar Section | May 7, 2011
Transitioning from woman to man was a natural progression.
by Scott Collins
The changing of one's voice is a male rite of passage. But most men go through it long before they turn 40. And the news doesn't usually land in the tabloids.
Chastity Bono became famous when, as a shy, towheaded toddler, she appeared on the "Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour," her parents' hit variety show. Four decades later, the former musician and gay and lesbian activist transitioned into Chaz, a man who - with a new book and documentary on OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network - looks poised to become the face of a still-nascent transgender movement.
"We were talking about how we were going to break the story, and it broke without us, because my voice started changing," Bono, 42, recently said of his transitioning process, achieved through surgery and hormone treatments. "People notice things and they call the tabloids."
"I couldn't do it privately," he continued. "So I could either have done it [and people would have known,] and other people would have written about it, and it wouldn't be the truth. Or I could do it myself and try to help people and put a face on an issue people don't understand."
"Becoming Chaz," the documentary that premiers Tuesday on OWN, details his breast-removal surgery, interactions with (mostly supportive) family members and relationship with his fiancee, Jenny. Interviews with his mother make it clear that Cher - one of the world's top entertainers - is still struggling with her son's decision, not to mention which pronouns to use in referring to him.
Winfrey, who last week taped a Bono interview for her syndicated show on Monday, is using the Chaz movie to launch a new documentary series on her cable network.
"The goal and intention is for Oprah to do for docs what she's done for books," said Fenton Bailey, who made the film with his long-time work partner Randy Barbato (the pair made "Deep Throt" and numerous other projects).
Meanwhile, the book "Transition: The Story of How I Became a Man," which Bono wrote with Billie Fitzpatrick, delves deeper into Bono's chaotic childhood after Cher split with Sonny Bono, the songwriter and singer who later became a successful Republican politition before dying in a skiing accident in 1998. Chaz - the couple's only child - recounts struggling with his identity even through childhood battles with his mother, including arguments about whether Chastity would wear a dress to school. (Cher's spokeswoman did not respond to an interview request.)
"It's probably the hardest I've worked on anything in my life," Bono said of the book.
"This journey wasn't just about transitioning; it was a journey of coming to understand myself, learning how to take care of myself, putting my fears away, and putting my needs as a priority instead of concerning myself with what everyone else thought," he continued. "It's essentially, really about growing up."
Activists are already applauding Bono's moves. "There are few trasgender storylines in entertainment media -- television and movies," saaid Jarrett Barrios, president of the advocacy group of GLAAD. "And even fewer where the story is told fully and fairly, so that the public understands why someone chooses to transition and what they're hoping for... Transgender people remain mostly invisible."
Though data are scarce, one commonly cited survey indicated that 0.2% of adults identify themselves as transgender. A UCLA study estimated that there are fewer than 700,000 transgender Americans. Transgender people frequently face discrimination in the workplace and elsewhere, Barrios said. "Here you've got a well-known celebrity who transitioned and who chose to open up his life to the world," Barrios said. "I think it's extraordinarily generous of Chaz."
Obviously the transgender movement has not prgressed in the way that the gay and lesbian movement has," said Bono. "But I'm an activist -- that's just the kind of person I am."
Bono navigated some rough waters to get here. She came out as a lesbian in the 1990s. But a music career collapsed and other projects didn't pan out.
For some years she drifted through a fog of drug abuse -- which she now interprets as her way of ignoring the true identity problem that had gnawed at her for years. She identified in every way as a man but had a waman's body.
" I thought that transgender people must have felt much worse than I did in order to risk losing all the things that one can lose by transitioning," Bono said.
"Until I really accepted this about myself and got over any transphobia that I had, I really felt like I wouldn't be accepted,' he continued. "I thought I would ruin my life. I thought it was, 'Be yourself but become a parish and put your family through hell,' or, 'Don't be yourself and live a horribly uncomfortable existance where everybody relates to you in a way that's not you."
Even after he made the decision to change genders medically (he takes hormone treatments but has yet to have female-to-male surgery on his genitalia), the path was not always easy. He borrowed money for the breast-removal surgery from friends, and his mother did not visit him after the procedure.
"I think especially for parents there's a grieving process that has to happen," Bono said. "In a sense, that exact person doesn't exist anymore. But inside, the essence of me is still the same."
As for why he didn't ask his mother for the loan: "It wasn't something I felt comfortable going to her and asking her for money, for something that was difficult for her. And the truth was, I had the money coming. I had film projects I was working on and checks that were coming. I needed a very short-term loan... She didn't need to spend the money on it."
By opening his life up in this way, Bono is taking more risks than the average tabloid fixture. But he sees the benefits as outweighing the costs.
"My hop is that by allowing people to do that, they're going to see that I'm just kind of a regular guy," he said. "And that being transgender and transitioning isn't the craziest thing in the world."